A Supercritical CO2 Waste Heat Recovery System Design for a Diesel Generator for Nuclear Power Plant Application

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After the Fukushima accident, the importance of an emergency power supply for a nuclear power plant has been emphasized more. In order to maximize the performance of the existing emergency power source in operating nuclear power plants, adding a waste heat recovery system for the emergency power source is suggested for the first time in this study. In order to explore the possibility of the idea, a comparison of six supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO2) power cycle layouts recovering waste heat from a 7.2 MW alternate alternating current diesel generator (AAC DG) is first presented. The diesel engine can supply two heat sources to the waste heat recovery system: one from exhaust gas and the other from scavenged air. Moreover, a sensitivity study of the cycles for different design parameters is performed, and the thermodynamic performances of the various cycles were evaluated. The main components, including turbomachinery and heat exchangers, are designed with in-house codes which have been validated with experiment data. Based on the designed cycle and components, the bottoming S-CO2 cycle performance under part load operating condition of AAC DG is analyzed by using a quasi-steady state cycle analysis method. It was found that a partial heating cycle has relatively higher net produced work while enjoying the benefit of a simple layout and smaller number of components. This study also revealed that further waste heat can be recovered by adjusting the flow split merging point of the partial heating cycle.
Publisher
MDPI
Issue Date
2019-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v.9, no.24

ISSN
2076-3417
DOI
10.3390/app9245382
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/271982
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
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