Host load prediction in cloud computing using Long Short-Term Memory Encoder-Decoder

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Cloud computing has been developed as a means to allocate resources efficiently while maintaining service-level agreements by providing on-demand resource allocation. As reactive strategies cause delays in the allocation of resources, proactive approaches that use predictions are necessary. However, due to high variance of cloud host load compared to that of grid computing, providing accurate predictions is still a challenge. Thus, in this paper we have proposed a prediction method based on Long Short-Term Memory Encoder-Decoder (LSTM-ED) to predict both mean load over consecutive intervals and actual load multi-step ahead. Our LSTM-ED-based approach improves the memory capability of LSTM, which is used in the recent previous work, by building an internal representation of time series data. In order to evaluate our approach, we have conducted experiments using a 1-month trace of a Google data centre with more than twelve thousand machines. Our experimental results show that while multi-layer LSTM causes overfitting and decrease in accuracy compared to single-layer LSTM, which was used in the previous work, our LSTM-ED-based approach successfully achieves higher accuracy than other previous models, including the recent LSTM one.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2019-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF SUPERCOMPUTING, v.75, no.11, pp.7592 - 7605

ISSN
0920-8542
DOI
10.1007/s11227-019-02967-7
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/268868
Appears in Collection
CS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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