Single-step hydroconversion of triglycerides into biojet fuel using CO-tolerant PtRe catalyst supported on USY

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The direct hydroconversion of triglycerides into biojet fuel (i.e., cascade reactions including hydrogenation, deoxygenation, and hydrocracking) is challenging, even though it is beneficial in terms of process intensification. This is because the minute amount of CO produced during deoxygenation can poison the metal component of various metal-acid bifunctional catalysts, causing undesired overcracking and rapid catalyst deactivation through coke formation. To overcome this problem, we synthesized a CO-tolerant catalyst by supporting bimetallic PtRe on ultra-stable Y (USY) zeolite as acidic support. Compared to conventional catalyst (e.g., Pt/USY), PtRe/USY showed markedly enhanced tolerance to CO because it had weakened interaction with CO and also could rapidly convert the chemisorbed CO into less harmful methane and H2O through methanation. Consequently, overcracking and catalyst deactivation were greatly suppressed during the direct triglyceride hydroconversion. It is remarkable that PtRe/USY is intrinsically a much poorer hydrocracking catalyst than Pt/USY under pure H-2 atmosphere because of its high hydrogenolysis activity. However, H2O and CO produced in situ during the deoxygenation of triglycerides selectively poisoned the active sites for undesired hydrogenolysis, thereby making PtRe/USY a highly stable and selective catalyst for producing biojet fuel. Under the optimum condition, 41 wt% of biojet fuel with respect to palm oil could be produced through direct hydroconversion, which satisfied all the required fuel specifications. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Issue Date
2019-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS, v.379, pp.180 - 190

ISSN
0021-9517
DOI
10.1016/j.jcat.2019.09.043
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/268864
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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