Regioregularity controlled phase behavior for Poly(3-hexylthiophene): A combined study of simple coarse-grained simulation and experiment

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In this study, we developed a simple coarse-grained simulation model framework to investigate the effect of regioregularity (RR) on the crystallization behavior of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). To describe the regio-chemistry of P3HT, two different coarse-grained beads were designed to contain either regio-regularly substituted head-to-tail (HT) orientations or regio-irregularly substituted non-HT orientations, and two beads were randomly incorporated in a single polymer where the total RR was tuned from regio-random (RR = 50%) to regio-regular (RR = 100%). Based on our modeling, the crystallization behaviors in both bulk and solution states were investigated. As the number of irregularly substituted non-HT orientations increased, crystallization temperature in the bulk shifted to a lower temperature. When the RR of P3HT was lower than a critical RR value, which was 72.2% in our study, the crystallization of the P3HT chains was eventually suppressed. In the solution state, most of high RR P3HT chains stacked in parallel to produce nanowire (NW) structure to maximize the number of pi-stackings in the system, whereas the P3HTs formed a globule structure when the RR value decreased below critical RR. To experimentally validate our simulation results, we synthesized a series of P3HTs having precisely controlled RRs from 66% to 95% with comparable molecular weights to the simulation. Well-matched experimental results suggested that our simplified model provides efficient computational guidance to describe the RR effect on crystalline feature of P3HTs for the various possible applications in organic optoelectronics.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2019-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

POLYMER, v.178

ISSN
0032-3861
DOI
10.1016/j.polymer.2019.121569
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/267646
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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