Elongated Lifetime and Enhanced Flux of Hot Electrons on a Perovskite Plasmonic Nanodiode

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A fundamental understanding of hot electron transport is critical for developing efficient hot-carrier-based solar cells. There have been significant efforts to enhance hot electron flux, and it has been found that a key factor affecting the hot electron flux is the lifetime of the hot electrons. Here, we report a combined study of hot electron flux and the lifetime of hot carriers using a perovskite-modified plasmonic nanodiode. We found that perovskite deposition on a plasmonic nanodiode can considerably improve hot electron generation induced by photon absorption. The perovskite plasmonic nanodiode consists of MAPbI(3) layers covering a plasmonic-Au/TiO2 Schottky junction that is composed of randomly connected Au nanoislands deposited on a TiO2 layer. The measured incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency and the short-circuit photocurrent show a significantly improved solar-to-electrical conversion performance of this nanodiode. Such an improvement is ascribed to the improved hot electron flux in MAPbI(3) caused by effective light absorption from near-field enhancement of plasmonic Au and the efficient capture of hot electrons from Au nanoislands via the formation of a three-dimensional Schottky interface. The relation between the lifetime and flux of hot electrons was confirmed by femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy that showed considerably longer hot electron lifetimes in MAPbI(3) combined with the plasmonic Au structure. These findings can provide a fundamental understanding of hot electron generation and transport in perovskite, which can provide helpful guidance to designing efficient hot carrier photovoltaics.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2019-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NANO LETTERS, v.19, no.8, pp.5489 - 5495

ISSN
1530-6984
DOI
10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b02009
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/266635
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)EEW-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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