Extraction of higher-order nonlinear electronic response in solids using high harmonic generation

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Nonlinear susceptibilities are key to ultrafast lightwave driven optoelectronics, allowing petahertz scaling manipulation of the signal. Recent experiments retrieved a 3rd order nonlinear susceptibility by comparing the nonlinear response induced by a strong laser field to a linear response induced by the otherwise identical weak field. The highly nonlinear nature of high harmonic generation (HHG) has the potential to extract even higher order nonlinear susceptibility terms. However, up till now, such characterization has been elusive due to a lack of direct correspondence between high harmonics and nonlinear susceptibilities. Here, we demonstrate a regime where such correspondence can be clearly made, extracting nonlinear susceptibilities (7th, 9th, and 11th) from sapphire of the same order as the measured high harmonics. The extracted high order susceptibilities show angular-resolved periodicities arising from variation in the band structure with crystal orientation. Our results open a door to multi-channel signal processing, controlled by laser polarization.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2019-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.10

ISSN
2041-1723
DOI
10.1038/s41467-019-11096-x
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/264905
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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