Synthesis and characterization of mesoporous geopolymer solid adsorbents containing nano-crystalline zeolites = 나노결정상 제올라이트를 포함한 메소공극성 지오폴리머 고형 흡착제 제조 및 특성분석

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The geopolymers, a class of alkali-activated materials, are inorganic aluminosilicate binders, and are often considered as amorphous analogues of crystalline zeolites owing to their similar chemical structure. The primary objective of this dissertation is to synthesize mesoporous geopolymers containing nano-crystalline zeolites by hydrothermal conversion of amorphous geopolymeric gel to crystalline zeolites. The scope of this dissertation includes the following: 1) investigation of novel, energy and time efficient hydrothermal methods (two-step and one-step method) for conversion of gel to zeolites, 2) microstructural characterization of synthesized mesoporous geopolymers, and 3) determination of their adsorption potential for heavy metals ($Pb^{2+}$ and $Cu^{2+}$) and radionuclides ($Cs^{+}$ and $Sr^{2+}$). The mesoporous geopolymers containing crystalline zeolites were successfully synthesized using different synthesis methods. Zeolites Na-P1 and hydroxysodalite were found to be the major crystalline phases in samples activated with high molarity NaOH solution (12 M). However, a decrease in the molarity (8 M) resulted in the formation of pure phase zeolite Na-P1, while an increase in the slag content gave rise to the formation of hydroxylsodalite. Moreover, analcime content slightly increased in samples treated at higher temperature ($150^\circ C$ ). From Q-XRD results, it can be stated that the calcium in slag hardly contributed to the formation of zeolites, but contributed to the formation of C-A-S-H gel, giving strength to geopolymers. Moreover, alkali activator-to-binder ratio, silicate modulus of alkali activator, and characteristics of starting materials played vital role in development of zeolite crystals. Lastly, samples were foamed with $H_2O_2$ to increase the porosity of samples which assisted in enhanced diffusion of adsorbate ions within the matrix, ultimately resulting in higher adsorption capacity for heavy metals and radionuclides. The maximum adsorption capacity for $Pb^{2+}$, $Cs^{+}$, $Sr^{2+}$, and $Cu^{2+}$ was found to be 55.4, 43.6, 31.7, and 28.2 mg/g, respectively.
Advisors
Lee, Haeng-Kiresearcher이행기researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 :건설및환경공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2018
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 건설및환경공학과, 2018.8,[viii, 182 p. :]

Keywords

Mesoporous geopolymer▼ageopolymer-supported zeolite▼ahydrothermal treatment▼abulk-type self-supported adsorbent▼aheavy metal▼aradionuclide; 다공성 지오폴리머▼a제올라이트 보강 지오폴리머▼a수열합성법▼a벌크 타입 자립형 흡착제▼a중금속▼a방사성 핵종

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/264406
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=828265&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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