Gas Sensor by Direct Growth and Functionalization of Metal Oxide/Metal Sulfide Core-Shell Nanowires on Flexible Substrates

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We have developed a novel fabrication method for flexible gas sensors for toxic gases based on sequential wet chemical reaction. In specific, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires were locally synthesized and directly integrated on a flexible polymer substrate using localized hydrothermal synthesis methods and their surfaces were selectively functionalized with palladium (Pd) nanoparticles using a liquid phase deposition process. Because the entire process is conducted at a low temperature in a mild precursor solution, it can be applied for flexible substrates. Furthermore, the surface of ZnO nanowires was sulfurized by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas to form zinc oxide/zinc sulfide (ZnO/ZnS) core shell nanowires for stable sensing of H2S gas. The locally synthesized ZnO/ZnS core shell nanowires enable an ultracompact-sized device, and Pd nanoparticles improve the sensing performance and reduce the operating temperature (200 degrees C). The device shows a high sensitivity [(G(gas) - G(air))/G(air). X 100% = 4491% to 10 ppm], fast response (response/recovery time <100 s) to hydrogen sulfide, and outstanding selectivity (>100 times) to other toxic gases (e.g., carbon monoxide, acetone, ethanol, and toluene). Moreover, vertically synthesized nanowires provide a long bending path, which reduces the mechanical stresses on the structure. The devices showed stable gas sensing performance under 9 mm positive radius of curvature and 5 mm negative radius of curvature. The mechanical robustness of the device was also verified by numerical simulations which showed dramatic decrease of maximum stress and strain to 4.2 and 5.0%, respectively.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2019-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS &amp; INTERFACES, v.11, no.27, pp.24298 - 24307

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.9b06951
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/263964
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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