Unsmoothable group actions on compact one-manifolds

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We show that no finite index subgroup of a sufficiently complicated mapping class group or braid group can act faithfully by C1+bv diffeomorphisms on the circle, which generalizes a result of Farb-Franks, and which parallels a result of Ghys and Burger-Monod concerning differentiable actions of higher rank lattices on the circle. This answers a question of Farb, which has its roots in the work of Nielsen. We prove this result by showing that if a right-angled Artin group acts faithfully by C1+bv diffeomorphisms on a compact one-manifold, then its defining graph has no subpath of length 3. As a corollary, we also show that no finite index subgroup of Aut(F-n) or Out(F-n) for n >= 3, of the Torelli group for genus at least 3, and of each term of the Johnson filtration for genus at least 5, can act faithfully by C1+bv diffeomorphisms on a compact one-manifold.
Publisher
EUROPEAN MATHEMATICAL SOC
Issue Date
2019-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, v.21, no.8, pp.2333 - 2353

ISSN
1435-9855
DOI
10.4171/JEMS/886
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/263286
Appears in Collection
MA-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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