Flash-induced ultrafast recrystallization of perovskite for flexible light-emitting diodes

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We report ultrafast recrystallization of perovskite (methylammonium lead tribromide, MAPbBr(3)) by flash light annealing (FLA) for light-emitting diode (LED) application. Intense near-infrared (NIR) peak spectrum (830 and 900 nm) of flash light could rapidly heat MAPbBr(3) based LED structures over similar to 320 degrees C without radiative damage. Cuboidal morphology of the perovskite active layer was evolved into the dense recrystallized structure with a noticeably small grain size (similar to 38 nm) by FLA, which significantly promoted the radiative recombination. Surface roughness (root mean square (RMS)) of the perovskite layer was decreased by 62% (from 8.47 to 3.22 nm) via FLA, while inhibiting the leakage current that limit current efficiency (CE) of perovskite LED (PeLED). Three dimensional temperature simulation was investigated for the mechanism of flash-induced MAPbBr(3) recrystallization. Finally, FLA was successfully exploited for the flexible PeLEDs on polyethylene naphthalate substrates, which exhibited 252% larger CE compared to thermally annealed counterpart.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2019-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NANO ENERGY, v.61, pp.236 - 244

ISSN
2211-2855
DOI
10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.04.061
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/262963
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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