YAP and TAZ Negatively Regulate Prox1 During Developmental and Pathologic Lymphangiogenesis

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Rationale: The Hippo pathway governs cellular differentiation, morphogenesis, and homeostasis, but how it regulates these processes in lymphatic vessels is unknown. Objective: We aimed to reveal the role of the final effectors of the Hippo pathway, YAP (Yes-associated protein) and TAZ (transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif), in lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC) differentiation, morphogenesis, and homeostasis. Methods and Results: During mouse embryonic development, LEC-specific depletion of Yap/Taz disturbed both plexus patterning and valve initiation with upregulated Prox1 (prospero homeobox 1). Conversely, LEC-specific YAP/TAZ hyperactivation impaired lymphatic specification and restricted lymphatic sprouting with profoundly downregulated Prox1. Notably, lymphatic YAP/TAZ depletion or hyperactivation aggravated or attenuated pathological lymphangiogenesis in mouse cornea. Mechanistically, VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor)-C activated canonical Hippo signaling pathway in LECs. Indeed, repression of PROX1 transcription by YAP/TAZ hyperactivation was mediated by recruitment of NuRD (nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase) complex and endogenous binding activity of TEAD (TEA domain family members) to the PROX1 promoter. Furthermore, YAP/TAZ hyperactivation enhanced MYC signaling and inhibited CDKN1C, leading to cell cycle dysregulation and aberrant proliferation. Conclusions: We find that YAP and TAZ play promoting roles in remodeling lymphatic plexus patterning and postnatal lymphatic valve maintenance by negatively regulating Prox1 expression. We further show that YAP and TAZ act as plastic regulators of lymphatic identity and define the Hippo signaling-mediated PROX1 transcriptional programing as a novel dynamic checkpoint underlying LEC plasticity and pathophysiology.
Publisher
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Issue Date
2019-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CIRCULATION RESEARCH, v.124, no.2, pp.225 - 242

ISSN
0009-7330
DOI
10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.118.313707
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/262590
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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