Maximizing Property Tuning of Phosphorus Corrole Photocatalysts through a Trifluoromethylation Approach

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An eight-member series of CF3-substituted difluorophosphorus corroles was prepared for establishing a structure-activity profile of these high-potential photo-sensitizers. It consisted of preparing all four possible isomers of the monosubstituted corrole and complexes with 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-CF3 groups on the macrocycle's periphery. The synthetic pathway to these CF3-substituted derivatives, beginning with (tpfc)PF2, involves two different initial routes: (i) direct electrophilic CF3 incorporation using FSO2CF2CO2Me and copper iodide, or (ii) bromination to achieve the 2,3,8,17,18-pentabrominated compound using excess bromine in methanol. Crystallographic investigations revealed that distortion of the original planar macrocycle is evident even in the monosubstituted case and that it becomes truly severe for the penta-CF3-substituted derivative 5. There is a shift in redox potentials of about 193 mV per -CF3 group, which decreases to only 120 mV for the fifth one in 5. Differences in the electronic spectra suggest that the Gouterman four orbital model decreases in relevance upon gradual -CF3 substitution, a conclusion that was corroborated by DFT calculations. The very significant energy lowering of the frontier orbitals suggested that photoexcitation should lead to a highly oxidizing photocatalyst. This hypothesis was proven true by finding that the most synthetically accessible CF3-substituted derivative is an excellent catalyst for the photoinduced conversion of bromide to bromine (phenol, toluene, and benzene assay).
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2019-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, v.58, no.9, pp.6184 - 6198

ISSN
0020-1669
DOI
10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00436
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/262242
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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