Undrained Behavior of Microbially Induced Calcite Precipitated Sand with Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber

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Microbially induced calcite precipitation can cement sand and is an environment-friendly alternative to ordinary Portland cement. In this study, clean Ottawa sand was microbially treated to induce calcite contents (CCs) of 0%, 2%, and 4%. Polyvinyl alcohol fiber was also mixed with the sand at four different contents (0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, and 0.6%) with a constant CC of 4%. A series of undrained triaxial tests was conducted on the treated sands to evaluate the effects of the calcite treatment and fiber inclusion. Their hydraulic conductivity was also determined using a constant head test. As the CC increased from 0% to 4%, the friction angle and cohesion increased from 35.3 degrees to 39.6 degrees and from 0 to 93 kPa, respectively. For specimens with a CC of 4%, as the fiber content increased from 0% to 0.6%, the friction angle and cohesion increased from 39.6 degrees to 42.8 degrees and from 93 to 139 kPa, respectively. The hydraulic conductivity of clean Ottawa sand decreased by a factor of more than 100 as the CC increased from 0% to 4%. The fiber inclusion had less effect on the hydraulic conductivity of the specimen with 4% CC.
Publisher
MDPI
Issue Date
2019-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v.9, no.6

ISSN
2076-3417
DOI
10.3390/app9061214
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/261695
Appears in Collection
RIMS Journal Papers
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