Heterogeneous Metal Oxide-Graphene Thorn-Bush Single Fiber as a Freestanding Chemiresistor

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The development of freestanding fiber-type chemiresistors, having high integration ability with various portable electronics including smart clothing systems, is highly demanding for the next-generation wearable sensing platforms. However, critical challenges stemming from the irreversible chemical sensing kinetics and weak reliability of the free-standing fiber-type chemiresistor hinder their practical use. In this work, for the first time, we report on the potential suitability of the freestanding and ultraporous reduced graphene oxide fiber functionalized with WO3 nanorods (porous WO3 NRs-RGO composite fiber) as a sensitive nitrogen dioxide (NO2) detector. By employing a tunicate cellulose nanofiber (TCNF), which is a unique animal-type cellulose, the numerous mesopores are formed on a wet-spun TCNF-GO composite fiber, unlike a bare GO fiber with dense surface structure. More interestingly, due to the superior wettability of TCNF, the aqueous tungsten precursor is uniformly adsorbed on an ultraporous TCNF-GO fiber, and subsequent heat treatment results in the thermal reduction of a TCNF-GO fiber and hierarchical growth of WO3 NRs perpendicular to the porous RGO fiber (porous WO3 NRs-RGO fiber). The freestanding porous WO3 NRs-RGO fiber shows a notable response to 1 ppm NO2. Furthermore, we successfully demonstrate reversible NO2 sensing characteristics of the porous WO3 NRs-RGO fiber, which is integrated on a wrist-type wearable sensing device.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2019-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.11, no.10, pp.10208 - 10217

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.8b22015
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/253980
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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