Observation of Wavelength-Dependent Quantum Plasmon Tunneling with Varying the Thickness of Graphene Spacer

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Plasmonic coupling provides a highly localized electromagnetic field in the gap of noble metals when illuminated by a light. The plasmonic field enhancement is generally known to be inversely proportional to the gap distance. Given such a relation, reducing the gap distance appears to be necessary to achieve the highest possible field enhancement. At the sub-nanometer scale, however, quantum mechanical effects have to be considered in relation to plasmonic coupling. Here, we use graphene as a spacer to observe plasmonic field enhancement in sub-nanometer gap. The gap distance is precisely controlled by the number of stacked graphene layers. We propose that the sudden drop of field enhancement for the single layer spacer is originated from the plasmon tunneling through the thin spacer. Numerical simulation which incorporates quantum tunneling is also performed to support the experimental results. From the fact that field enhancement with respect to the number of graphene layers exhibits different behavior in two wavelengths corresponding to on- and off-resonance conditions, tunneling phenomenon is thought to destroy the resonance conditions of plasmonic coupling.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2019-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.9, pp.1199

ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-018-37882-z
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/250483
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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