Wireless power transfer (WPT) is being developed to supply electric power to electric trains, using a source coil in/on the railway track and a pick-up coil on the train. A number of benefits can be obtained by eliminating the catenary and pantograph currently used for railway electric power supply. However, the WPT employs coils, and the electromagnetic field generated by the WPT can interfere with conventional train detection methods, such as track circuits and RFID, installed on the tracks. Train position information is critical for railway operation, especially for high speed trains. This paper proposes a novel system which provides train position information using a source coil segment. It consists of onboard sensor coils, ferrite blocks designed using specific position information, and a detector. The proposed system can be implemented using the source coil and load coil of the WPT. Information about the train's relative position is obtained by the detection of ferrite blocks distributed within the source coil segment. The train position information provided by the ferrite components is detected by onboard sensor coils and a detector. The proposed ferrite position identification (FPID) system provides accurate train position information and is not affected by WPT electromagnetic interference. The operating principles of the FPID system are presented in detail. The performance of the proposed FPID system was measured by simulations and experiments.