High-rate formation cycle of Co3O4 nanoparticle for superior electrochemical performance in lithium-ion batteries

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Formation cycle is a significant step in battery processing, as it leads to the build-up of stable solid electrolyte interphase layer that affects various parameters of batteries. Although fast formation cycle is more economical way to realize the battery production, it is generally known that fast formation cycle of conventional electrode materials leads to capacity degradation. In this study, we report the high-rate formation cycle step to induce excellent electrochemical performance, in the case of Co3O4 nanoparticle. Surprisingly, Co3O4 nanoparticle that runs in the formation cycle at rather high current density (1.0 A g−1) exhibits superior electrochemical performance compared with Co3O4 nanoparticle that runs in the formation cycle at 0.05 A g−1. Such enhanced electrochemical performance after the high-rate formation cycle for Co3O4 can be mainly attributed to the stabilization of solid electrolyte interphase layer upon cycling and initial partial agglomeration that forms secondary particles. This work firstly paves the possibility of employing high-rate formation cycle to induce improved electrochemical performance, which can also be extended to various alternative electrode materials.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2019-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, v.295, pp.7 - 13

ISSN
0013-4686
DOI
10.1016/j.electacta.2018.10.080
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/250094
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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