Cytochrome P450 genes as the one of the largest superfamily genes mediate a wide range of plant biochemical pathways. In this study, a full-length cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (CYP736B) cDNA was isolated and characterized from Panax ginseng. It was revealed that the deduced amino acid of PgCYP736B shares a high degree of sequence homology with CYP736Al2 encoded by P. ginseng. Expression of PgCYP736B was differentially induced not only during a Pseudomonas syringae infection (7.7-fold) and wounding (473-fold) but also after exposure to salt (7.4-fold), cold (83-fold), and drought stress (3.24-fold). The gene transcription was highly affected by methyl jasmonate (476-fold) in the ginseng, suggesting that PgCYP736B was elicitor-responsive. Furthermore, we overexpressed the PgCYP736B gene in Arabidopsis and found that PgCYP736B is a transmembrane protein. Overexpression of PgCYP736B in Arabidopsis conferred enhanced resistance to salt stress via decreased H202 accumulation, increased carotenoid levels, and through abscisic acid biosynthesis gene expression. Our results suggest that the induction of ginsenoside biosynthetic pathway genes along with PgCYP736B by an exogenous supply of 10-100 lik4 of squalene most likely affects the metabolite profile of ginsenoside triterpenoid. Overall, our findings indicate that PgCYP736B protects ginseng from salt stress and may contribute to triterpenoid biosynthesis. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.