Guided Lithium Deposition by Surface Micro-Patterning of Lithium-Metal Electrodes

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Uncontrolled lithium (Li) deposition has hampered the evolution of Li-metal electrode-based Li-batteries. In this work, we report the differences of a guided Li deposition with a size change of the square hole micro-patterns carved on the Li-metal surface with two different dimensions using a simple stamping method. Li deposition is preferentially initiated on the top edge for the smaller pattern and on the bottom for the larger pattern. Although the two patterns lead to a more uniform utilization of the Li, the larger pattern shows a higher cycling stability within a LiFePO4/Li cell than that of the smaller one indicating that initiating the Li deposition from the bottom of the hole is more efficient in confining the deposited Li. Based on the impedance analysis of the compressed Li electrodes, we suggest that the guided Li deposition on the bottom of the hole is attributed to a large contrast in the resistance of native surface passivation layer between the top and hole surfaces. This improved understanding can further advance guided Li deposition induced by surface patterns for high performance Li-metal batteries.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2018-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CHEMELECTROCHEM, v.5, no.21, pp.3169 - 3175

ISSN
2196-0216
DOI
10.1002/celc.201800694
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/248744
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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