Tailored Colloidal Stability and Rheological Properties of Graphene Oxide Liquid Crystals with Polymer-Induced Depletion Attractions

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Graphene oxide liquid crystallinity (GO LC) has been widely exploited for high-performance graphene-based applications. In this regard, colloidal stability of GO LC suspension is a crucial requirement, particularly while polymers are often added to the GO LC. Unfortunately, current level of knowledge on how polymers influence the structure and properties of GO LC is not sufficient to systematically guide the development of applications. Here, we investigate the microstructure and rheological properties of GO LC suspensions in the presence of polymer additives with varying molecular weights and concentrations. Similar to conventional colloidal systems, non-negligible polymer-induced interactions are found in GO LC suspensions, which can effectively modulate the interaction among GO platelets and the relevant physical properties. On the basis of extensive small-angle X-ray scattering and rheological measurements, we demonstrate that, contrary to the general perception, polymer-induced depletion attraction can increase the colloidal stability of GO, while also preventing the vitrification of GO LC. In addition, a proper level of polymer additive can reduce the viscosity of GO LC suspensions by orders of magnitude, providing an effective route to GO LC-based solution processing. After all, the colloidal stability and rheological properties of GO can significantly impact the quality of GO. Therefore, we believe that our finding will be of great interest in the field of graphene-based applications, as it presents effective strategies for improving properties. © 2018 American Chemical Society.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2018-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS NANO, v.12, no.11, pp.11399 - 11406

ISSN
1936-0851
DOI
10.1021/acsnano.8b06320
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/248715
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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