A novel approach of an infrared transparent Er:Y2O3-MgO nanocomposite for eye-safe laser ceramics

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Er3+ ion doped eye-safe lasers operating at a wavelength of 1.5 μm have attracted attention for use in many applications requiring protection from accidental retina exposure. For eye-safe lasers, it is considered important to improve the thermal and mechanical stability of the host materials for high power operation. Transparent Y2O3 is the most representative example among different types of host materials due to its low maximum phonon energy. However, this host shows low thermal conductivity with increasing dopant concentration. Herein, we prepare an Er:Y2O3-MgO nanocomposite as a new host material candidate that shows excellent optical, mechanical and thermal properties. By limiting domain coalescence and eliminating residual pores during sintering, outstanding optical transmittance is demonstrated for the Er:Y2O3-MgO nanocomposite. We also investigated the fluorescence spectrum and cross-section values to evaluate the possibility of using the Y2O3-MgO nanocomposite as a laser gain medium. The Er:Y2O3-MgO nanocomposite also shows excellent mechanical and thermal properties at high Er3+ ion dopant concentrations. The results indicate that Y2O3-MgO nanocomposite ceramics are promising candidate materials for use as high-power infrared laser hosts. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2018-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY C, v.6, no.41, pp.11096 - 11103

ISSN
2050-7526
DOI
10.1039/c7tc05991d
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/248709
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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