Analytic continuation via domain knowledge free machine learning

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We present a machine-learning approach to a long-standing issue in quantum many-body physics, namely, analytic continuation. This notorious ill-conditioned problem of obtaining spectral function from an imaginary time Green's function has been a focus of new method developments for past decades. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of modern machine-learning techniques including convolutional neural networks and the variants of a stochastic gradient descent optimizer. The machine-learning continuation kernel is successfully realized without any "domain knowledge", which means that any physical "prior" is not utilized in the kernel construction and the neural networks "learn" the knowledge solely from "training". The outstanding performance is achieved for both insulating and metallic band structure. Our machine-learning-based approach not only provides the more accurate spectrum than the conventional methods in terms of peak positions and heights, but is also more robust against the noise which is the required key feature for any continuation technique to be successful. Furthermore, its computation speed is 10(4)-10(5) times faster than the maximum entropy method.
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Issue Date
2018-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

PHYSICAL REVIEW B, v.98, no.24, pp.245101

ISSN
2469-9950
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevB.98.245101
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/248672
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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