BRAF somatic mutation contributes to intrinsic epileptogenicity in pediatric brain tumors

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Pediatric brain tumors are highly associated with epileptic seizures(1). However, their epileptogenic mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we show that the oncogenic BRAF somatic mutation p.Val600Glu (V600E) in developing neurons underlies intrinsic epileptogenicity in ganglioglioma, one of the leading causes of intractable epilepsy(2). To do so, we developed a mouse model harboring the BRAF(V600E) somatic mutation during early brain development to reflect the most frequent mutation, as well as the origin and timing thereof. Therein, the BRAF(V600E) mutation arising in progenitor cells during brain development led to the acquisition of intrinsic epileptogenic properties in neuronal lineage cells, whereas tumorigenic properties were attributed to high proliferation of glial lineage cells. RNA sequencing analysis of patient brain tissues with the mutation revealed that BRAF(V600E)-induced epileptogenesis is mediated by RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST), which is a regulator of ion channels and neurotransmitter receptors associated with epilepsy. Moreover, we found that seizures in mice were significantly alleviated by an FDA-approved BRAF(V600E) inhibitor, vemurafenib, as well as various genetic inhibitions of Rest. Accordingly, this study provides direct evidence of a BRAF somatic mutation contributing to the intrinsic epileptogenicity in pediatric brain tumors and suggests that BRAF and REST could be treatment targets for intractable epilepsy.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2018-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NATURE MEDICINE, v.24, no.11, pp.1662 - 1668

ISSN
1078-8956
DOI
10.1038/s41591-018-0172-x
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/246885
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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