Sox7 promotes high-grade glioma by increasing VEG FR2-mediated vascular abnormality

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High-grade glioma (HGG) is highly angiogenic, but antiangiogenic therapy has transient clinical benefit in only a fraction of patients. Vascular regulators of these heterogeneous responses remain undetermined. We found up-regulation of Sox7 and down-regulation of Sox17 in tumor endothelial cells (tECs) in mouse HGG. Sox7 deletion suppressed VEGFR2 expression, vascular abnormality, hypoxia-driven invasion, regulatory T cell infiltration, and tumor growth. Conversely, Sox17 deletion exacerbated these phenotypes by up-regulating Sox7 in tECs. Anti-VEGFR2 antibody treatment delayed tumor growth by normalizing Sox17-deficient abnormal vessels with high Sox7 levels but promoted it by regressing Sox7-deficient vessels, recapitulating variable therapeutic responses to antiangiogenic therapy in HGG patients. Our findings establish that Sox7 promotes tumor growth via vessel abnormalization, and its level determines the therapeutic outcome of VEGFR2 inhibition in HGG. In 189 HGG patients, Sox7 expression was heterogeneous in tumor vessels, and high Sox7 levels correlated with poor survival, early recurrence, and impaired vascular function, emphasizing the clinical relevance of Sox7 in HGG.
Publisher
ROCKEFELLER UNIV PRESS
Issue Date
2018-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, v.215, no.7, pp.963 - 983

ISSN
0022-1007
DOI
10.1084/jem.20170123
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/244679
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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