Cannibalization and competition effects on a manufacturer's retail channel strategies: Implications on an omni-channel business model

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This paper analyzes two effects caused by "channel conflict", which occurs when firms newly add a direct online channel via the Internet or a mobile device. The first is an "intra-cannibalization effect" between the firms' existing retail channel and the new online channel, and the second is the "inter-competition effect" between manufacturers and retailers in the supply chain. In particular, this paper investigates a manufacturer's retailing channel strategy considering the relative market power between a manufacturer and a retailer in the supply chain, which has been rarely considered in previous studies. This paper shows the manufacturer's channel strategies: (i) if customers are very heterogeneous with regard to their receptiveness to online shopping, the manufacturer may use a multi-channel strategy. (ii) if the customer sector becomes homogeneous, the manufacturer will become more willing to adopt an omni-channel strategy. (iii) if customers are neither similar nor very different, the manufacturer uses a brick-and-mortar strategy. This paper also shows results on the issue of channel conflict in terms of market power: (i) the retailer may voluntarily limit its market power and thus, self-created competition in the retail market alleviates the problem of double-markup to some extent. (ii) the manufacturer can use an online channel when inter-competition effect becomes severe. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2018-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SUPPLY-CHAIN; PRICING STRATEGIES; ONLINE CHANNEL; SPECIAL-ISSUE; COORDINATION; COMMERCE; ASSORTMENT; CONFLICT; PROFITS; BRICKS

Citation

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS, v.109, pp.5 - 14

ISSN
0167-9236
DOI
10.1016/j.dss.2018.01.007
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/242547
Appears in Collection
MT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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