Feasibility of passive autonomous frequency control operation in a Soluble-Boron-Free small PWR

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Nuclear power plants should be capable of contributing safely and flexibly to the electrical grid stability. This research deliberates the feasibility of a new innovative concept of a passive and autonomous frequency control operation (PAFO) in soluble-boron-free (SBF) pressurized water reactors (PWRs). The new concept eliminates any required active control in the reactor core for attaining primary and secondary frequency control operational modes in PWRs. In particular, control rods and soluble-boron are not utilized in a PAFO. Meanwhile, the reactor power maneuvering is achieved entirely by the passive reactor feedback to the coolant temperature change. This approach is motivated by the strongly negative coolant temperature coefficient available in an SBF coolant system. In order to ascertain judiciously the practical viability of the proposed concept, numerical simulations of passive primary and secondary frequency operations are performed using a lumped PWR system model solved by an in-house FORTRAN-95 computer code. The various simulation parameters are obtained from 3D Monte Carlo simulations of an SBF 450 MWt PWR by using Serpent-2 code with ENDF/B-7.1 data library. The numerical simulations are carried out at the beginning, middle and end of the fuel cycle to emphasize the effect of fuel bumup on the proposed PAFO. Moreover, sensitivity analyses on xenon worth and nominal fuel temperature are performed to deliberate their impacts in tailoring the reactor performance. Because the reactor power matches well with the power demand with a small variation in coolant temperature during the frequency control, we conclude that there is promising potential for the proposed PAFO concept. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2018-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

REACTOR; SYSTEM; SAFETY

Citation

ANNALS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY, v.116, pp.319 - 333

ISSN
0306-4549
DOI
10.1016/j.anucene.2018.02.036
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/242226
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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