Electronically Tunable Perfect Absorption in Graphene

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The demand for dynamically tunable light modulation in flat optics applications has grown in recent years. Graphene nanostructures have been extensively studied as means of creating large effective index tunability, motivated by theoretical predictions of the potential for unity absorption in resonantly excited graphene nanostructures. However, the poor radiative coupling to graphene plasmonic nanoresonators and low graphene carrier mobilities from imperfections in processed graphene samples have led to low modulation depths in experimental attempts at creating tunable absorption in graphene devices. Here we demonstrate electronically tunable perfect absorption in graphene, covering less than 10% of the surface area, by incorporating multiscale nanophotonic structures composed of a low-permittivity substrate and subwavelength noble metal plasmonic antennas to enhance the radiative coupling to deep subwavelength graphene nanoresonators. To design the structures, we devised a graphical method based on effective surface admittance, elucidating the origin of perfect absorption arising from critical coupling between radiation and graphene plasmonic modes. Experimental measurements reveal 96.9% absorption in the graphene plasmonic nanostructure at 1389 cm(-1), with an on/off modulation efficiency of 95.9% in reflection.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2018-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NANO LETTERS, v.18, no.2, pp.971 - 979

ISSN
1530-6984
DOI
10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b04393
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/240946
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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