Improving Uniformity and Reproducibility of Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells via a Low-Temperature Vacuum Deposition Process for NiOx Hole Transport Layers

Cited 17 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 116
  • Download : 0
Recently, the trend in inverted hybrid perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) has been to utilize NiOx as hole transport layers. However, the majority of reported solution-processed NiOx films require a high-temperature thermal annealing process, which is unfavorable for large-scale manufacturing and suffers from lack of uniformity. We report, for the first time, e-beam evaporation as a low-temperature vacuum process for the deposition of NiOx hole transport layers for PVSCs. Device characterization shows that efficiency is on par with solution-processed methods, the highest efficiency at 15.4% with no obvious hysteresis. Differences are found to be due to the presence of more Ni3+ in e-beam evaporated NiOx, which are responsible for a lower transmittance but higher conductivity. Most importantly, e-beam-evaporated NiOx-based PVSCs show greater uniformity and reproducibility compared to spin-coated NiOx-based PVSCs. Finally, e-beam-evaporated NiOx has the additional advantage of being produced by a low-temperature deposition process and applicable over large areas. This work, therefore, represents a significant step toward large-area PVSCs, where e-beam evaporation can be used for the low-temperature uniform deposition of charge-transport layers, such as NiOx.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2018-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.10, no.1, pp.534 - 540

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.7b14499
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/240148
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 17 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0