Microstructure and mechanical properties of mechanically alloyed and solid-state sintered tungsten heavy alloys

The mechanical properties of solid-state sintered 93W-5.6Ni-1.4Fe tungsten heavy alloys fabricated by mechanical alloying were investigated. Blended W, Ni and Fe powders were mechanically alloyed in a tumbler ball mill at a milling speed of 75 rpm employing a ball-to-powder ratio of 20:1 and a ball filling ratio of 15%. A nanocrystalline size of 16 nm and fine lamellar spacings of 0.2 mu m were obtained in mechanically alloyed powders at a steady state milling stage. Mechanically alloyed powders were consolidated into green compacts and solid-state sintered at 1300 degrees C for 1 h in a hydrogen atmosphere. The alloys sintered from mechanically alloyed powders showed fine tungsten particles (about 3 mu m in diameter) and a relative density above 99%. The volume fraction of the matrix phase was 11% and the tungsten/tungsten contiguity was determined to be 0.74. The alloys exhibited high yield strengths (about 1100 MPa) due to their fine microstructures, but exhibited reduced elongation and impact energy due to a large area fraction of tungsten/tungsten boundaries and the low volume fraction of matrix phase. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2000-10
Language
ENG
Keywords

ENERGY PENETRATOR MATERIALS; STRAIN-RATE; DEFORMATION; COMPOSITES; REFINEMENT; IMPACT

Citation

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, v.291, no.1-2, pp.91 - 96

ISSN
0921-5093
DOI
10.1016/S0921-5093(00)00968-0
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/2399
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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