Longitudinal Flight Dynamics of Bioinspired Ornithopter Considering Fluid-Structure Interaction

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This paper addresses the flapping frequency-dependent trim flight characteristics of a bioinspired ornithopter. An integrative ornithopter flight simulator including a modal-based flexible multibody dynamics solver, a semiempirical reduced-order flapping-wing aerodynamic model, and their loosely coupled fluid structure interaction are used to numerically simulate the ornithopter flight characteristics. The effect of the fluid structure interaction of the main wing is quantitatively examined by comparing the wing deformations in both spanwise and chordwise directions, with and without aerodynamic loadings, and it shows that the fluid structure interaction created a particular phase delay between the imposed wing motion and the aeroelastic response of the main wing and tail wing. The trimmed level flight conditions of the ornithopter model are found to satisfy the weak convergence criteria, which signifies that the longitudinal flight state variables of ornithopters need to be bounded and that the mean value of the variables are converged to the finite values. Unlike conventional fixed-wing aerial vehicles, the longitudinal flight state variables, such as forward flight speed, body pitch attitude, and tail-wing angle of attack in trimmed level flight, showed stable limit-cycle oscillatory behaviors with the flapping frequency as the dominant oscillating frequency. The mean body pitch attitude and tail-wing angle, and the root-mean-square value of the body pitch attitude, decreased as the flapping frequency increased. In addition, the mean forward flight speed is found to almost linearly increase with the flapping frequency.
Publisher
AMER INST AERONAUT ASTRONAUT
Issue Date
2011
Language
English
Article Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Citation

JOURNAL OF GUIDANCE CONTROL AND DYNAMICS, v.34, no.3, pp.667 - 677

ISSN
0731-5090
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/23883
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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