This study examined nine expired industrial Corynebacterium glutamicum strains with high lysine producing capability for enhanced production of 5-AVA. C. glutamicum KCTC 1857 exhibiting the highest lysine production was transformed with either original Pseudomonas putida davBA genes, encoding the 5-AVA biosynthesis pathway, or C. glutamicum codon-optimized davBA genes. C. glutamicum KCTC 1857 expressing the original genes had superior cell viability and 5-AVA production capability compared to the other strain. This strain produced 39.93 g/L of 5-AVA, which is the highest titer reported to date in fed-batch fermentation from glucose. Indeed, Miscanthus hydrolysate solution prepared from a novel process, comprising pretreatment, hydrolysis, purification, and concentration, was used as feedstock for 5-AVA production. A total of 12.51 g/L 5-AVA was produced from the Miscanthus hydrolysate; this value is 34.7% higher than that obtained from glucose in batch fermentation.