Micro-architectures, such as cellular truss structures, enhance the mechanical properties of structural materials while ensuring that they are lightweight in nature. Among others, stretching-dominated truss structures are known for their high modulus and yield strength, which makes them the best choice for lightweight structural applications. Finite element analysis of octahedral vs. octet structures is used to compare the differences in stress distribution in the stretching-dominated deformation of such trusses. Both octahedral and octet stretching-dominated structures were fabricated by fused deposition modeling (FDM)-based three-dimensional (3D) printing. These micro-architectures are printed with different polymeric materials, such as polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA), nylon 618, and a carbon fiber reinforced composite of PLA (CFRPLA). In addition, the CFRPLA filament with randomly suspended carbon fibers in PLA undergoes shear-induced alignment along the strut direction of the 3D printed micro-trusses, which leads to an improved Young's modulus as compared to the other materials. The properties of the 3D printed stretching-dominated micro-trusses are evaluated by compression testing, finite element analysis (FEA), and thermal analysis. The 3D printed octet structure of CFRPLA with fiber alignment exhibits the highest modulus and yield strength of 0.6 GPa and 17 MPa, respectively. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.