Orientation and thickness dependence of magnetic levitation force and trapped magnetic field of single grain YBa2Cu3O7-y bulk superconductors

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The effects of the crystallographic orientation and sample thickness on the magnetic levitation forces (F) and trapped magnetic field (B) of single grain YBCO bulk superconductors were examined. Single grain YBCO samples with a (001), (110) or (100) surface were used as the test samples. The samples used for the force-distance (F-d) measurement were cooled at 77 K without a magnetic field (zero field cooling, ZFC), whereas the samples used for the B measurement were cooled under the external magnetic field of a Nd-B-Fe permanent magnet (field cooling, FC). It was found that F and B of the (001) surface were higher than those of the (110) or (100) surface, which is attributed to the higher critical current density (J(c)) of the (001) surface. For the (001) samples with t=5-18 mm, the maximum magnetic levitation forces (F(max)s) of the ZFC samples were larger than 40 N. About 80% of the applied magnetic field was trapped in the FC samples. However, the F and B decreased rapidly as t decreased below 5 mm. There exists a critical sample thickness (t=5 mm for the experimental condition of this study) for maintaining the large levitation/trapping properties, which is dependent on the material properties and magnitude of the external magnetic fields.
Publisher
KOREA INST APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY & CRYOGENICS
Issue Date
2017-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

PROGRESS IN SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND CRYOGENICS, v.19, no.1, pp.30 - 35

ISSN
1229-3008
DOI
10.9714/psac.2017.19.1.030
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/226470
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