Effect of joint gap on bead formation in laser butt welding of stainless steel

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Simulations and experiments of laser butt welding are presented in the paper with the laser beam traveling along an inclined line across the gap. Full penetration was observed when the laser beam focused on the gap, while partial penetration was achieved when the laser beam deviated from the gap. A three-dimensional numerical model coupled with a ray tracing algorithm was established to investigate and compare the transient dynamics of the keyhole, molten pool and laser induced plume. The shape of the simulation cross-sections of the welds show good agreement with the experimental results. The gap contributed to transmission of laser beam energy deep into the inner part of the workpiece. The absorbed energy by the workpiece decreased when the laser beam was focused on the gap as some rays escaped through the opening gap. The decrease in absorbed energy resulted in a lower velocity of the molten pool and lower average pressure on the free surface. The velocity and volume of the plume on the top side of the workpiece also decreased. Flow patterns in the molten pool were also identified and discussed.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2017-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

NUMERICAL-SIMULATION; ALUMINUM-ALLOY; KEYHOLE; ABSORPTION

Citation

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, v.249, pp.274 - 284

ISSN
0924-0136
DOI
10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2017.05.040
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/226274
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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