Prediction of drug-induced immune-mediated hepatotoxicity using hepatocyte-like cells derived from human embryonic stem cells

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a leading cause of liver disease and a key safety factor during drug development. In addition to the initiation events of drug-specific hepatotoxicity, dysregulated immune responses have been proposed as major pathological events of DILI. Thus, there is a need for a reliable cell culture model with which to assess drug-induced immune reactions to predict hepatotoxicity for drug development. To this end, stem cell-derived hepatocytes have shown great potentials. Here we report that hepatocyte-like cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hES-HLCs) can be used to evaluate drug-induced hepatotoxic immunological events. Treatment with acetaminophen significantly elevated the levels of inflammatory cytokines by hES-HLCs. Moreover, three human immune cell lines, Jurkat, THP-1, and NK92MI, were activated when cultured in conditioned medium obtained from acetaminophen-treated hES-HLCs. To further validate, we tested thiazolidinedione (TZD) class, antidiabetic drugs, including troglitazone withdrawn from the market because of severe idiosyncratic drug hepatotoxicity. We found that TZD drug treatment to hES-HLCs resulted in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and eventually associated immune cell activation. In summary, our study demonstrates for the first time the potential of hES-HLCs as an in vitro model system for assessment of drug-induced as well as immune-mediated hepatotoxicity.
Publisher
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Issue Date
2017-07
Language
English
Keywords

INDUCED LIVER-INJURY; NECROSIS-FACTOR RECEPTOR-1; IN-VITRO MODEL; INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE; ACETAMINOPHEN; MECHANISMS; DIFFERENTIATION; INTERLEUKIN-10; ROSIGLITAZONE; EXPRESSION

Citation

TOXICOLOGY, v.387, pp.1 - 9

ISSN
0300-483X
DOI
10.1016/j.tox.2017.06.005
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/225839
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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