Universal high work function flexible anode for simplified ITO-free organic and perovskite light-emitting diodes with ultra-high efficiency

Flexible transparent electrode materials such as conducting polymers, silver nanowires, carbon nanotubes and graphenes are being investigated as possible replacements for conventional brittle inorganic electrodes. However, they have critical drawbacks of low work function (WF), resulting in a high hole injection barrier to an overlying semiconducting layer in simplified organic or organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite light-emitting diodes (OLEDs or PeLEDs). Here, we report a new anode material (AnoHIL) that has multifunction of both an anode and a hole injection layer (HIL) as a single layer. The AnoHIL has easy WF tunability up to 5.8 eV and thus makes ohmic contact without any HIL. We applied our anodes to simplified OLEDs, resulting in very high efficiency (62% ph el(-1) for single and 88% ph el(-1) for tandem). The AnoHIL showed a similar tendency in simplified PeLEDs, implying universal applicability to various optoelectronics. We also demonstrated large-area flexible lightings using our anodes. Our results provide a significant step toward the next generation of high-performance simplified indium tin oxide (ITO)-free light-emitting diodes.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2017-07
Language
English
Keywords

CONDUCTIVE POLYMER ANODES; ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY; HALIDE PEROVSKITE; HOLE INJECTION; SOLAR-CELLS; ELECTRODES; FILMS; PERFORMANCE; PEDOT

Citation

NPG ASIA MATERIALS, v.9

ISSN
1884-4049
DOI
10.1038/am.2017.108
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/225615
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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