Micropatterning of metal oxide nanofibers by electrohydrodynamic (EHD) printing towards highly integrated and multiplexed gas sensor applications

Integration of heterogeneous sensing materials in microelectronic devices is essential to accomplish compact and highly integrated environmental sensors. For this purpose, a micro-patterning method of electrospun metal oxide nanofibers based on electrohydrodynamic (EHD) printing process was developed in this work. Several types of metal oxide (SnO2, In2O3, WO3 and NiO) nanofibers that were produced by electrospinning, fragmented into smaller pieces by ultrasonication, and dissolved in organic solvents were utilized as inks for the printing. Constant or pulsed wave bias consisting of base and jetting voltages were applied between a nozzle and a substrate to generate a jetting of nanofiber solutions. Several parameters for EHD printing such as pulse width, inner diameter of the nozzle, distance from the nozzle to the substrate, and stage speed, were optimized for accurate micro-patterning of electrospun nanofibers. By using optimized printing parameters, microscale patterns of electrospun nanofibers with a minimum diameter less than 50 mu m could be realized. Gas sensors were fabricated by EHD printing on the micro electrodes and then used for the detection of toxic gases such as NO2, CO and H2S. Four kinds of metal oxides could detect down to 0.1 ppm of NO2, 1 ppm of H2S and 20 ppm of CO gases. Also, heterogeneous nanofiber gas sensor array was fabricated by the same printing method and could detect NO2 using the sensor array platform with microheaters. Furthermore, microscale patterns of nanofibers by EHD printing could be applied to the suspended MEMS platform without any structural damage and this sensor array could detect NO2 and H2S gases with 20 mW power consumption. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2017-10
Language
English
Keywords

SENSING PROPERTIES; SURFACE MODIFICATION; NANOMATERIAL ARRAY; CHEMICAL SENSORS; NANOPARTICLES; FABRICATION; SENSITIVITY; POLYMERS; NO2; CO

Citation

SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL, v.250, pp.574 - 583

ISSN
0925-4005
DOI
10.1016/j.snb.2017.04.194
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/225067
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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