Oscillatory bursting of gel fuel droplets in a reacting environment

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Understanding the combustion behavior of gel fuel droplets is pivotal for enhancing burn rates, lowering ignition delay and improving the operational performance of next-generation propulsion systems. Vapor jetting in burning gel fuel droplets is a crucial process that enables an effective transport (convectively) of unreacted fuel from the droplet domain to the flame zone and accelerates the gas-phase mixing process. Here, first we show that the combusting ethanol gel droplets (organic gellant laden) exhibit a new oscillatory jetting mode due to aperiodic bursting of the droplet shell. Second, we show how the initial gellant loading rate (GLR) leads to a distinct shell formation which self-tunes temporally to burst the droplet at different frequencies. Particularly, a weak-flexible shell is formed at low GLR that undergoes successive rupture cascades occurring in same region of the droplet. This region weakens due to repeated ruptures and causes droplet bursting at progressively higher frequencies. Contrarily, high GLRs facilitate a strong-rigid shell formation where consecutive cascades occur at scattered locations across the droplet surface. This leads to droplet bursting at random frequencies. This method of modulating jetting frequency would enable an effective control of droplet trajectory and local fuel-oxidizer ratio in any gel-spray based energy formulation.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2017-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MULTICOMPONENT DROPLETS; ACOUSTIC EXCITATION; COMBUSTION; MICROEXPLOSION; PROPELLANTS; INJECTORS; PRESSURE; FLOW

Citation

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.7

ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-03221-x
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/224539
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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