New performance indices for evaluation of adsorbents used in PSA processes with the aim of $CO_2$ capture and their shortcut formulas = 이산화탄소 포집용 압력 스윙 흡착(PSA)공정에서 사용되는 흡착제의 새로운 평가지표와 평가지표의 간소화공식

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Pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process is one of the candidate processes for $CO_2$ capture. The interest has led to the development of various new adsorbents such as modified zeolite materials and metal-organic frame-works (MOFs). The developed adsorbents are evaluated through lab-scale methods based on simple indicators like working capacity and selectivity. However, these indicators do not accurately indicate and adsorbent's per-formance in a PSA process. In this work, we propose new performance indicators that better reflect the actual process-level performance: efficiency and purity. Both indicators are derived for an idealized PSA process with the extended Langmuir isotherm model, which means they serve as limits of the achievable performance of a PSA process with the tested adsorbent. For simple calculation and quick evaluation, the performance indicators are derived as explicit analytical expressions. Because the indicators are derived with the assumptions of an idealized PSA process, their calculations only require isotherm parameters rather than other process parameters, such as heat of adsorption and mass transfer coefficients, which are harder to obtain experimentally. In order to test whether an adsorbent in question can achieve target purity, the upper bound of purity is also derived by assuming an extreme operating condition. Case study involving the evaluation of zeolite 13X, activated carbon, and Cu-BTC is presented to show the use of the new performance indicators, and the results are compared with rigorous simulation results.
Advisors
Lee, Jay H.researcher이재형researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 :생명화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2016
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(석사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명화학공학과, 2016.2 ,[ii, 47 p. :]

Keywords

Pressure Swing Adsorption; PSA process; adsorbent; performance evaluation; $CO_2$; 압력 스윙 흡착; 공정; 흡착제; 성능 평가; 공식

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/221515
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=649470&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Master(석사논문)
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