Effects of robot and computer-based intervention on learning action word symbols of AAC for children with autism spectrum disorder 교육용 로봇과 컴퓨터를 활용한 자폐범주성장애 아동의 AAC 동작어 상징 학습 효과

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of robot and computer-based intervention on learning action word symbols of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for three preschool children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: This study used an adapted alternating treatment design to compare the effects of robots and computers on learning action word symbols of AAC. Twenty symbols of action words in the 'Ewha-AAC symbols set (Park et al., 2014; Yeon et al., 2016)' were selected and divided into two groups: Set A and Set B. Symbols of Set A and Set B were exposed through a robot and computer during three phases, which were the baseline, experimental, and generalization phases. Results: All three subjects who were trained using the educational robot showed improvements in comprehending action word symbols. However, only two out of the three subjects showed improvements in learning with the computer. In the case of generalization phase, all three subjects who were trained using the educational robot and the computer showed improvements. Comparing the improvement levels between the two interventions in both phases, the effectiveness of the educational robot was generally higher than that of the computer. Conclusion: Both methods had positive effects on learning action word symbols of AAC, while the robot-based intervention showed higher improvement levels than the computer-based intervention.
Publisher
Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Issue Date
2016-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

Communication Sciences and Disorders, v.21, no.4, pp.744 - 759

ISSN
2288-1328
DOI
10.12963/csd.16344
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/220987
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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