Medical Examination Data Prediction with Missing Information Using Long Short-Term Memory

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In this work, we use recurrent neural network (RNN) to predict the medical examination data with missing parts. There often exist missing parts in medical examination data due to various human factors, for instance, because hu-man subjects occasionally miss their annual examinations. Such missing parts make it hard to predict the future examination data by machines. Thus, imputation of the missing information is needed for accurate prediction of medical examination data. Among various types of RNNs, we choose simple recurrent network (SRN) and long short-term memory (LSTM) to predict the missing information as well as the future medical exami- nation data, as they show good performance in many relevant applications. In our proposed method, the temporal trajectories of the medical examination measurements are modelled by RNNs with the missed measurements compensated, which is then used to predict the future measurements to be used as diagnosing the diseases of the subjects in advance. We have carried out experiments using a medical examination database of Korean people for 12 consecutive years with 13 medical fields. In this database, 11500 people took the medical check-up every year, and 7400 people missed their examination occasionally. We use complete data to train RNNs, and the data with missing parts are used to evaluate the imputation and future measurement prediction performance. In terms of root mean squared error (RMSE) and source to noise ratio (SNR) between the prediction and the actual measurements, the experimental results show that the proposed RNNs predicts medical examination data much better than the conventional linear regression in most of the examination items.
Korean Institute of Information Scientists and Engineers
Issue Date

The 4th IEEE International Conference on Big Data and Smart Computing (BigComp2017)

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CS-Conference Papers(학술회의논문)
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