무인 항공기의 이동체 상부로의 영상 기반 자동 착륙 시스템 Vision-based Autonomous Landing System of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle on a Moving Vehicle

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Flight of an autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) generally consists of four steps; take-off, ascent, descent, and finally landing. Among them, autonomous landing is a challenging task due to high risks and reliability problem. In case the landing site where the UAV is supposed to land is moving or oscillating, the situation becomes more unpredictable and it is far more difficult than landing on a stationary site. For these reasons, the accurate and precise control is required for an autonomous landing system of a UAV on top of a moving vehicle which is rolling or oscillating while moving. In this paper, a vision-only based landing algorithm using dynamic gimbal control is proposed. The conventional camera systems which are applied to the previous studies are fixed as downward facing or forward facing. The main disadvantage of these system is a narrow field of view (FOV). By controlling the gimbal to track the target dynamically, this problem can be ameliorated. Furthermore, the system helps the UAV follow the target faster than using only a fixed camera. With the artificial tag on a landing pad, the relative position and orientation of the UAV are acquired, and those estimated poses are used for gimbal control and UAV control for safe and stable landing on a moving vehicle. The outdoor experimental results show that this vision-based algorithm performs fairly well and can be applied to real situations.
Publisher
한국로봇학회
Issue Date
2016-12
Language
Korean
Citation

로봇학회 논문지, v.11, no.4, pp.262 - 269

ISSN
1975-6291
DOI
10.7746/jkros.2016.11.4.262
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/218361
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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