Membrane crystallinity and fuel crossover in direct ethanol fuel cells with Nafion composite membranes containing phosphotungstic acid

We report on the effect of the addition of phosphotungstic acid (PWA) in Nafion membrane on ethanol-crossover and the proton conductivity for DEFC application. A set of PWA-Nafion composite membranes (PWA 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 wt%) was prepared by solution casting and their microstructures, diffraction patterns, permeability, and proton conductivity were systematically characterized. The significant reduction in ethanol-crossover is observed with increasing PWA concentration in PWA-Nafion membranes, which is mainly attributed to an improvement in crystallinity of the membrane. PWA provides additional nucleation sites during solidification leading to higher crystallinity, which is supported by the membrane permeability tests. The proton conductivity of the composites is enhanced with PWA concentration until 15 wt% due to an increase in hopping pathways, while higher PWA of 20 wt% leads to a conductivity decrease possibly due to the excessive particle aggregations that limit ion transports. These PWA-Nafion composites were implemented in prototype DEFC devices as a membrane and the maximum power density achieved was 22% higher than that of commercial Nafion-117 device.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2017-03
Language
English
Keywords

NANOCOMPOSITE MEMBRANES; TEMPERATURE OPERATION; HEXANEDIOL DIACRYLATE; BUTYL ACRYLATE; METHANOL; ELECTROLYTE; PERFORMANCE; NANOPARTICLES; OXIDATION; FILLER

Citation

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, v.52, no.5, pp.2400 - 2412

ISSN
0022-2461
DOI
10.1007/s10853-016-0534-z
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/216138
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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