Synthesis of Highly Porous Coordination Polymers with Open Metal Sites for Enhanced Gas Uptake and Separation

Metal-containing amorphous microporous polymers are an emerging class of functional porous materials in which the surface properties and functions of polymers are dictated by the nature of the metal ions incorporated into the framework. In an effort to introduce coordinatively unsaturated metal sites into the porous polymers, we demonstrate herein an aqueous-phase synthesis of porous coordination polymers (PCPs) incorporating bis(o-diiminobenzosemiquinonato)-Cu(II) or -Ni(II) bridges by simply reacting hexaminotriptycene with CuSO4 center dot 5H(2)O [Cu(II)-PCP] or NiCl2 center dot 6H(2)O [Ni(II)-PCP] in H2O. The resulting polymers showed surface areas of up to 489 m(2) g(-1) along with a narrow pore size distribution. The presence of open metal sites significantly improved the gas affinity of these frameworks, leading to an exceptional isosteric heat of adsorption of 10.3 kJ.mol(-1) for H-2 at zero coverage. The high affinities of Cu(II)- and Ni(II)-PCPs toward CO2 prompted us to investigate the removal of CO2 from natural and landfill gas conditions. We found that the higher affinity of Cu(II)-PCP compared to that of Ni(II)-PCP not only allowed for the tuning of the affinity of CO2 molecules toward the sorbent, but also led to an exceptional CO2/CH4 selectivity of 35.1 for landfill gas and 20.7 for natural gas at 298 K. These high selectivities were further verified by breakthrough measurements under the simulated natural and landfill gas conditions, in which both Cu(II)- and Ni(II)-PCPs showed complete removal of CO2. These results clearly demonstrate the promising attributes of metal-containing porous polymers for gas storage and separation applications
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2016-10
Language
English
Keywords

SELECTIVE CO2 CAPTURE; BENZIMIDAZOLE-LINKED POLYMERS; CARBON-DIOXIDE CAPTURE; ORGANIC FRAMEWORK; HYDROGEN STORAGE; TRIPTYCENE; ADSORPTION; NETWORKS; CONVERSION; PERFORMANCE

Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.8, no.40, pp.26860 - 26867

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.6b09156
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/214245
Appears in Collection
EEW-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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