Biodiesel production from oleaginous yeasts using livestock wastewater as nutrient source after phosphate struvite recovery

Microbial oils, which can be converted to biodiesel, could be produced by oleaginous yeast. To reduce the overall cost, which is a limitation of heterotrophic cultivation, the livestock wastewater (LW) was examined as a feedstock. It was found that the LW needed pretreatment, and hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) was effective, surpassing sonication and shaking. The nature of HC made it possible to disintegrate cells and release nutrients like phosphorus; it also rendered ammonia stripping and struvite formation, when MgO was added. The pretreated LW with the HC supported the growth of the two yeasts: C. pseudolambica had 3.6 h of doubling time, 2.19 g/L. of DCW, and 35.3% lipid per dry mass; and I. occidentalis had 2.9 h of doubling time with 6.54 g/L of final DCW, and 28.9% lipid per dry mass. All this showed the LW could turn into a valuable resource, as long as a suitable pretreatment. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2016-12
Language
ENG
Keywords

HYDRODYNAMIC CAVITATION; ANAEROBIC-DIGESTION; ACTIVATED-SLUDGE; CRYPTOCOCCUS SP; NITROGEN; PHOSPHORUS; MICROALGAE; PRECIPITATION; PRETREATMENT; CULTIVATION

Citation

FUEL, v.186, pp.305 - 310

ISSN
0016-2361
DOI
10.1016/j.fuel.2016.08.084
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/214208
Appears in Collection
CE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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