Glass composite waste forms for iodine confined in bismuth embedded SBA-15

The aim of this study was to stabilize bismuth-embedded SBA-15 that captured iodine gas by fabrication of monolithic waste forms. The iodine containing waste was mixed with Bi2O3 (a stabilizing additive) and low-temperature sintering glass followed by pelletizing and the sintering process to produce glass composite materials. Iodine volatility during the sintering process was significantly affected by the ratio of Bi2O3 and the glass composition. It was confirmed that BiI3, the main iodine phase within bismuth embedded SBA-15, was effectively transformed to the mixed phases of Bi5O7I and BiOI. The initial leaching rates of iodine from the glass composite waste forms ranged 10(-3)-10(-2) g/m(2) day, showing the stability of the iodine phases encapsulated by the glassy networks. It was also observed that common groundwater anions (e.g., chloride, carbonate, sulfite, and fluoride) elevated the iodine leaching rate by anion exchange reactions. The present results suggest that the glass composite waste form of bismuth embedded SBA-15 could be a candidate material for stable storage of I-129. (c) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2016-11
Language
ENG
Keywords

CAPTURE; IMMOBILIZATION; SODALITE; BEHAVIOR

Citation

JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, v.480, pp.150 - 158

ISSN
0022-3115
DOI
10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.08.001
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/214097
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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