A Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) has receiving attention as one of the promising next generation nuclear reactors because it can recycle the spent nuclear fuel produced from the current commercial nuclear reactors and accomplish higher thermal efficiency than the current commercial nuclear reactors. However, after shutdown of the nuclear reactor core, the accumulated fission products of the SFR also decay and release heat via radiation within the reactor. To remove this residual heat, a decay heat removal system (DHRS) with supercritical CO2 (S-CO2) as the working fluid is suggested with a turbocharger system which achieves passive operational capability. However, for designing this system an improved S-CO2 turbine design methodology should be suggested because the existing methodology for designing the S-CO2 Brayton cycle has focused only on the compressor design near the critical point.
To develop a S-CO2 turbine design methodology, the non-dimensional number based design and the 1D mean line design method were modified and suggested. The design methodology was implemented into the developed code and the code results were compared with existing turbine experimental data. The data were collected under air and S-CO2 environment. The developed code in this research showed a reasonable agreement with the experimental data. Finally using the design code, the turbocharger design for the suggested DHRS and prediction of the off design performance were carried out. As further works, more effort will be put it to expand the S-CO2 turbine test data for validating the design code and methodology.