Gyrator-Based Analysis of Resonant Circuits in Inductive Power Transfer Systems

In this paper, first, it is found that not only the magnetically coupled inductors but also all inductive power transfer systems (IPTSs) inherently have the nature of a gyrator. Widely known characteristics of IPTSs such as impedance inversion and source-type conversion are proved to be the nature of the gyrator. A graphical approach that utilizes the gyrator is proposed for the modeling of IPTSs in general. The proposed graphical technique enables manipulations on the circuit diagram instead of on the circuit equations, which are difficult to handle when the system order is higher than 4. Hence, the equivalent model can be obtained almost by inspection conveniently, giving fruitful physical insights that are limitedly achieved with the equation manipulations. Steady-state analyses at any frequency are possible, and equivalent series resistances can also be included in the proposed model. Five selected electrical characteristics, i.e., source-to-load gain, load-independent output voltage/current characteristics, power factor at the source, sign of the source phase angle, and allowances of open/short loads are evaluated for three widely used IPTS topologies. Also, this technique is extended to the mistuned case for verifying the general use of the approach. An experimental prototype of the voltage-source-type inductor-capacitor-inductor secondary-parallel (V-LCL-P) topology was built to demonstrate the proposed approach for both perfectly tuned and mistuned situations at 85 Wand 100 kHz.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2016-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ENERGY TRANSMISSION-SYSTEM; D-Q TRANSFORMATION; IPT SYSTEMS; OPTIMIZED EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC VEHICLES; PWM CONVERTERS; SWITCHES; INVERTER; OUTPUT; DC

Citation

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, v.31, no.10, pp.6824 - 6843

ISSN
0885-8993
DOI
10.1109/TPEL.2015.2506737
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/212546
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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