Principal component analysis of dynamic fluorescence images for diagnosis of diabetic vasculopathy

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Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging has been clinically used for noninvasive visualizations of vascular structures. We have previously developed a diagnostic system based on dynamic ICG fluorescence imaging for sensitive detection of vascular disorders. However, because high-dimensional raw data were used, the analysis of the ICG dynamics proved difficult. We used principal component analysis (PCA) in this study to extract important elements without significant loss of information. We examined ICG spatiotemporal profiles and identified critical features related to vascular disorders. PCA time courses of the first three components showed a distinct pattern in diabetic patients. Among the major components, the second principal component (PC2) represented arterial-like features. The explained variance of PC2 in diabetic patients was significantly lower than in normal controls. To visualize the spatial pattern of PCs, pixels were mapped with red, green, and blue channels. The PC2 score showed an inverse pattern between normal controls and diabetic patients. We propose that PC2 can be used as a representative bioimaging marker for the screening of vascular diseases. It may also be useful in simple extractions of arterial-like features. (C) The Authors
Publisher
SPIE-SOC PHOTO-OPTICAL INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERS
Issue Date
2016-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL OPTICS, v.21, no.4

ISSN
1083-3668
DOI
10.1117/1.JBO.21.4.046003
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/209546
Appears in Collection
BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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