A Hybrid UTD-ACGF Technique for DOA Finding of Receiving Antenna Array on Complex Environment

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When a receiving antenna array operates on a complex environment, the ideal phase differences of the receiving voltages of the antenna array are significantly distorted by both mutual coupling and platform scattering. This distortion causes performance degradation of the direction of arrival (DOA) algorithms. For estimating and compensating for the phase distortion, an analysis of the receiving voltages of the receiving antenna array on the platform is required. In this paper, we propose a hybrid UTD-ACGF technique for modeling port voltages of the receiving antenna array on a complex environment. The complex environment is modeled by UTD technique, and the antenna array is modeled by ACGF. In order to explain the coupling effect between the complex environment and the antenna array, we use the first perturbation series approximation based on the exact mutual coupling perturbation series. The hybrid UTD-ACGF results are verified through comparison to MoM results. Finally, we statistically define a distortion matrix that has a relation between the distorted port voltages and the ideal port voltages. The distorted port voltages are evaluated using the hybrid UTD-ACGF technique as a backbone. In order to enhance the performance of the DOA algorithm, we efficiently estimate and compensate for the distortion matrix. A DOA simulation using the MUSIC algorithm is performed to confirm the compensatory effect of the distortion matrix.
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2015-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, v.63, no.11, pp.5045 - 5055

ISSN
0018-926X
DOI
10.1109/TAP.2015.2478446
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/207851
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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